Kwa wale wanahitaji pesa ya field ya research hii inafaa sana.Hata kama umeanza field work waandikie uulizie kufuatana na area yako.Wanasponsor both Social siences and Conservation aspects.
The European Union has funded Frankfurt Zoological Society (FZS) to conduct a number of research projects between 2011 and 2015 (5 year funding period). Many of the projects call for expertise in both conservation and social science. Research will be conducted by graduate students under the supervision of affiliated faculty, FZS staff, and students’ own advisors. A list of project desc-riptions is appended; some project modifications may be possible to meet the needs of doctoral programs.
Funding is available for graduate students currently enrolled in a doctoral or master’s program. Funding for research expenses on CREATE projects including field work expenses, a small research award and student stipend for 6 to 12 months is available. Some students may be eligible for additional funding. There is a preference for East Africans and Swahili speakers but any interested graduate students or persons entering graduate school may send a CV and letter indicating their interest (see below). Evaluation of applicants will begin in February 20th, 2011 but applications will continue to be accepted until the positions have been filled.
Longer desc-riptions and application requirements are available from the CREATE website .
Please send any questions to: CREATE@fzs.org
The CREATE program will investigate key questions on the inter-relationships between poverty reduction, human health, resiliency to shocks and environmental conservation within two ecosystems: Serengeti in Tanzania and North Luangwa in Zambia. Applied research programs conducted in two distinct ecosystems will allow comparisons of the effect on factors such as capacity for local governance, local livelihood activities, landscape type and poverty. Moreover, south-south partnerships across the two ecosystems will help to identify and scale up best practices and maximize their impact on reducing poverty, improving human health and increasing resilience to disasters, while reducing direct and indirect threats to the two ecosystems.
The goals of the projects are to (1) improve understanding of the links between poverty, human health, disaster management and environmental sustainability while (2) actively informing local and international decision-making and policy development in two key African ecosystems.
CREATE builds on previous work of FZS which piloted the Convention on Biodiversity’s “Ecosystem Approach” to conservation in Serengeti and North Luangwa ecosystems. This approach is based on the perceived link between local poverty by communities living within ecosystems with high biodiversity and important ecosystem services. The goal was to conserve biodiversity through programs designed to improve livelihoods and reduce poverty.
Case Study 1: Impact of population growth on environment, resiliency to shocks and human health (Tanzania). This case study will examine the effects of community-level interactive service provision by trusted community health workers on human fertility and resource use in Tanzania. We will use this case study to provide data on the potential impact of improving resiliency and human health and reducing negative impacts on the environment through a cost-effective and direct measure of addressing human population growth.
Case Study 2: Income diversification through microcredit enterprises and the impact on poverty reduction, natural resource use and resiliency to shocks (Tanzania). Through a previous project, FZS established a sustainable microcredit approach to environmentally-friendly livelihood diversification. Self-generating micro-credit groups established in Serengeti specifically targeted former bushmeat hunters as a means of providing alternative income generation opportunities. This case study will investigate how diversification of livelihoods can contribute to poverty reduction and reduce dependency on natural resources.
Case Study 3: Examining information dissemination and informed decision-making (Tanzania and Zambia)
PART A: Tanzania. Pastoral communities around Serengeti National Park valued natural forests on village land more after seeing that effects of a recent drought resulted in fewer livestock losses in those areas with intact forest. This case study will examine (i) how information on natural resource use and resiliency to shocks inform household level perceptions about natural resource use, and (ii) the effect of this information on natural resource management
PART B: Zambia. Harvesting of edible caterpillars by rural households contributes to food security in North Luangwa Ecosystem, Zambia. Sustainable harvests depends on: (i) a healthy survivor population of caterpillars, (ii) availability of preferred tree species, and (iii) control of bush fires during the egg-laying period. This case study will examine linkages between harvesting methods and fire management, poverty alleviation, and resource management at household and community levels. Monitoring will enable evaluation of the impact of these feedback systems on natural resource management decisions.
Case Study 4: The role of improving food security on human health and natural resource use (Tanzania and Zambia). Both bushmeat and chickens provide a source of protein to households throughout Western Serengeti and North Luangwa; chickens are also an important source of supplemental income in hard times. Unfortunately poultry production in Tanzania and Zambia is severely limited by endemic poultry diseases and loss to wildlife. This case study will examine the impact of improved husbandry and poultry health practices on food security and household consumption of bushmeat.
Case Study 5: The role of information dissemination in reducing the costs of living with wildlife and improving household food security and resilience to shocks through decreased human-wildlife conflict (Zambia). Human-wildlife conflict in communities with high wildlife density has adverse effects on both household food security and wildlife conservation. This case study will use the existing human-elephant conflict trial-site to examine the relationship between the efficacy of conflict mitigation measures and the uptake rate of these measures by households and community institutions.
Justin J. Hokororo,
Frankfurt Zoological Society